Effect of oxygen on the germination and culturability of Bacillus atrophaeus spores

Wen Jie Wu, Jinhui Chang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of oxygen on the germination and culturability of aerobic Bacillus atrophaeus spores was investigated in this study. Under oxic or anoxic conditions, various nutritional and non-nutritional germinants were utilized to induce germination. Tb3+-dipicolinic acid fluorescence assay and phase-contrast microscopy were used to track the germination process. The final germination level, germination half time, and germination speed were used to define germination kinetics. Colony-forming unit enumeration was used to assess the culturability of germinated spores germinated with or without oxygen. The results show that in the absence of oxygen, the final germination level was unaffected, germination half time decreased by up to 35.0%, germination speed increased by up to 27.4%, and culturability decreased by up to 95.1%. It is suggested that oxygen affects some germinant receptor-dependent germination pathways, implying that biomolecules engaged in these pathways may be oxygen-sensitive. Furthermore, spores that have completed the germination process in either anoxic or oxic conditions may have different culturability. This research contributed to a better understanding of the fundamental mechanism of germination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-363
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Microbiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Bacillus atrophaeus
  • Culturability
  • Oxygen
  • Spore germination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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