Effect of offset web holes on web crippling strength of cold-formed steel channel sections under end-two-flange loading condition

A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


A combination of experiments and non-linear finite element analyses are used to investigate the effect of offset web holes on the web crippling strength of cold-formed steel channel sections under the end-two-flange (ETF) loading condition; the cases of both flanges fastened and unfastened to the support are considered. The web holes are located at the mid-depth of the sections, with a horizontal clear distance of the web holes to the near edge of the bearing plate. Finite element analysis results are compared against the laboratory test results; good agreement was obtained in terms of both strength and failure modes. A parametric study was then undertaken to investigate both the effect of the position of holes in the web and the cross-section sizes on the web crippling strength of the channel sections. It was demonstrated that the main factors influencing the web crippling strength are the ratio of the hole depth to the depth of the web, and the ratio of the distance from the edge of the bearing to the flat depth of the web. Design recommendations in the form of web crippling strength reduction factors are proposed in this study. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-48
Number of pages15
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Channel section
  • Cold-formed steel
  • Design recommendations
  • Finite element analysis
  • Reduction factor
  • Web crippling
  • Web hole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

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