Effect of fumigation methanol and ethanol on the gaseous and particulate emissions of a direct-injection diesel engine

Z. H. Zhang, K. S. Tsang, Chun Shun Cheung, Tat Leung Chan, C. D. Yao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

134 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments were conducted on a four-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine with methanol or ethanol injected into the air intake of each cylinder, to compare their effect on the engine performance, gaseous emissions and particulate emissions of the engine under five engine loads at the maximum torque speed of 1800 rev/min. The methanol or ethanol was injected to top up 10% and 20% of the engine loads under different engine operating conditions.The experimental results show that both fumigation methanol and fumigation ethanol decrease the brake thermal efficiency (BTE) at low engine load but improves it at high engine load; however the fumigation methanol has higher influence on the BTE. Compared with Euro V diesel fuel, fumigation methanol or ethanol could lead to reduction of both NOx and particulate mass and number emissions of the diesel engine, with fumigation methanol being more effective than fumigation ethanol in particulate reduction. The NOx and particulate reduction is more effective with increasing level of fumigation. However, in general, fumigation fuels increase the HC, CO and NO2emissions, with fumigation methanol leading to higher increase of these pollutants. Compared with ethanol, the fumigation methanol has stronger influence on the in-cylinder gas temperature, the air/fuel ratio, the combustion processes and hence the emissions of the engine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2001-2008
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011


  • Diesel engine
  • Ethanol
  • Methanol
  • Nano-particles
  • Particulate emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Atmospheric Science


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