The effect of cowl angle on the restart characteristics of simple ramp type hypersonic inlets was experimentally investigated in shock tunnel equipped with schlieren imagery and static pressure measurement. The cowl shock strength is found to be a key factor that determines the inlet restart and makes the restart contraction ratios significantly deviate from the Kantrowitz criterion. Stronger cowl shock tends to degrade the inlet restart capability by causing larger separation bubble and higher pressure loss during the restarting process. In particular, a sensitive range of the cowl angles, within which the restart contraction ratio decreases rapidly, was identified. A design concept of multiple noncoalesced cowl shocks was thus proposed and proven to significantly improve the inlet restart capability.
- Cowl shock
- Inlet restart
- Shock wave boundary layer interactions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering