Effect of cloud-to-ground lightning and meteorological conditions on surface NOxand O3in Hong Kong

Leilei Fei, L. Y. Chan, Xinhui Bi, Hai Guo, Yonglin Liu, Qinhao Lin, Xinming Wang, Ping'an Peng, Guoying Sheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning, meteorological conditions and corresponding surface nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ozone (O3) variations in relation to thunderstorm and lightning activities over Hong Kong at Kwai Chung (urban), Tung Chung (new town) and Tap Mun (background) during active lightning seasons from 2009 to 2013 were studied by analyzing respective air quality monitoring station data along with CG lightning and meteorological data. We observed NOxenhancement and significant O3decline on lightning days. Influences of land use types, lightning activities and meteorological conditions on surface NOxand O3were examined. NOxand O3concentrations shifted towards higher and lower levels, respectively, during lightning days especially in the dominant wind directions. Principal component analysis/absolute principal component scores (PCA/APCS) method and stepwise multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis were employed to examine the influence of thunderstorm related lightning and meteorological parameters on surface NOxand O3. Wind speed was supposed to be the most important meteorological parameter affecting the concentration of NOx, and lightning activities were observed to make a positive contribution to NOx. Negative contribution of hot, cloudy and wet weather and positive contribution of wind speed were found to affect the concentration of O3. Lightning parameters were also found to make a small positive contribution to O3concentration at Tap Mun and Tung Chung, but the net effect of lightning activities and corresponding meteorological conditions was the decrease of O3on lightning days. Reasonably good agreement between the predicted and observed NOxand O3values indicates that PCA/APCS-MLR is a valuable method to study the thunderstorm induced NOxand O3variations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Research
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2016


  • Cloud-to-ground lightning
  • Meteorological condition
  • Nitrogen oxides
  • Ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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