Effect of capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons on bone architecture and mechanical properties in the rat hindlimb suspension model

Zong Kang Zhang, Xia Guo, Jie Lao, Yi Xian Qin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

However, the physiological role of sensory neural regulation in the functional adaptation to weight bearing is not clear. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of capsaicin-induced sensory neuron lesions on cancellous architecture properties in a hindlimb suspension (HLS) model. Methods Thirty-two female rats were randomly assigned to four groups. Groups b and d underwent systemic capsaicin treatment, whereas Groups a and c were treated with vehicle. Then, Groups c and d were subjected to HLS, whereas Groups a and b were allowed hindlimbs full loading. The proximal trabecular and mid-shaft cortical bone structure were evaluated via microcomputed tomography, and the biomechanical properties of the tibial mid-shaft were assessed using the four-point bending test. Results The trabecular bone volume was reduced by 40% and 50% in Groups b and c, respectively, and was also reduced significantly in Group d. Trabecular thickness and trabecular separation in Group b were not significantly different from those of Group a. The cortical bone area fraction showed no significant difference among all groups. Compared with Group a, the ultimate strength in Group b decreased by 20.3%, whereas it did not change significantly in Group c. Conclusion The results suggest that capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons play an important role in bone modelling. The effect of capsaicin is similar to HLS. However, HLS has no add-on effect to capsaicin in the reduction of bone density and mechanical properties. Translational potential of this article: This study gives clues to the function of sensory neurons in bone modelling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • bone
  • capsaicin
  • hindlimb suspension
  • sensory neuron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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