Effect of back reflectors on photon absorption in thin-film amorphous silicon solar cells

Mohammad I. Hossain, Wayesh Qarony, M. Khalid Hossain, M. K. Debnath, M. Jalal Uddin, Yuen Hong Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


In thin-film solar cells, the photocurrent conversion productivity can be distinctly boosted-up utilizing a proper back reflector. Herein, the impact of different smooth and textured back reflectors was explored and effectuated to study the optical phenomena with interface engineering strategies and characteristics of transparent contacts. A unique type of wet-chemically textured glass-substrate 3D etching mask used in superstrate (p–i–n) amorphous silicon-based solar cell along with legitimated back reflector permits joining the standard light-trapping methodologies, which are utilized to upgrade the energy conversion efficiency (ECE). To investigate the optical and electrical properties of solar cell structure, the optical simulations in three-dimensional measurements (3D) were performed utilizing finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) technique. This design methodology allows to determine the power losses, quantum efficiencies, and short-circuit current densities of various layers in such solar cell. The short-circuit current densities for different reflectors were varied from 11.50 to 13.27 and 13.81 to 16.36 mA/cm2 for the smooth and pyramidal textured solar cells, individually. Contrasted with the comparable flat reference cell, the short-circuit current density of textured solar cell was increased by around 24%, and most extreme outer quantum efficiencies rose from 79 to 86.5%. The photon absorption was fundamentally improved in the spectral region from 600 to 800 nm with no decrease of photocurrent shorter than 600-nm wavelength. Therefore, these optimized designs will help to build the effective plans next-generation amorphous silicon-based solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-497
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Nanoscience (Switzerland)
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • 3D FDTD
  • a-Si:H
  • Photon absorption
  • Power loss
  • Superstrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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