Effect of arm position and foot placement on the five times sit-to-stand test completion times of female adults older than 50 years of age

Sheung Mei Shamay Ng, Patrick W.H. Kwong, Michael S.P. Chau, Isaac C.Y. Luk, Sam S. Wan, Shirley S.M. Fong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


[Purpose] The five times-sit-to stand test (FTSTS) is a clinical test which is commonly used to assessed the functional muscle strength of the lower limbs of older adults. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different arm positions and foot placements on the FTSTS completion times of older female adults. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-nine healthy female subjects, aged 63.1±5.3 years participated in this cross-sectional study. The times required to complete the FTSTS with 3 different arm positions (hands on thighs, arms crossed over chest, and an augmented arm position with the arms extended forward) and 2 foot placements (neutral and posterior) were recorded. The interaction effect and main effect of arm positions and foot placements were examined using a 3 (arm position) × 2 (foot placement) two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). [Results] There was no interaction effect among the 3 arm positions in the 2 foot placements. A significant main effect was identified for foot placement, but not arm position. Posterior foot placement led to a shorter FTSTS time compared to that of normal foot placement. [Conclusion] With the same arm position, FTSTS completion times with posterior foot placement tended to be shorter. Therefore, the standard foot placement should be used for FTSTS administration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1759
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Therapy Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2015


  • Outcomes
  • Rehabilitation
  • Standing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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