Effect of alumina addition on the electrical and mechanical properties of Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-δceramics

Tianshu Zhang, Zhiqiang Zeng, Haitao Huang, Peter Hing, J. Kilner

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)


(1-x) Ce0.8Gd0.2O2 - δ+ x Al2O3ceramics with compositions x = 0 to 0.2 were prepared by the conventional mixed-oxide method from high purity (>99.9%) of commercial powders, and sintered at 1550 °C for 5 h in air. Sintered density, crystal phase, and microstructure were characterized. The ionic conductivity was measured over 200 to 800 °C in air using an impedance analyzer in the frequency range of 0.001 to 100 Hz. Microhardness and indentation fracture toughness were also determined. A new phase (i.e., GdAlO3) has been detected in the samples with Al content greater than 5% AlO1.5. Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-δceramic has a Vickers hardness of ∼ 9.23 ± 0.15 GPa, and an indentation fracture toughness of ∼ 1.47 ± 0.2 MPa m1/2. A remarkable improvement in both fracture toughness and microhardness can be observed for the samples with over 10% AlO1.5. However, the addition of Al2O3exhibits a detrimental effect on the conductivities, especially on grain boundary conductivity, which is possibly related to the formation of GdAlO3.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Alumina
  • Ceramic
  • Ceria
  • Electrolyte
  • Gadolinia
  • Ionic conductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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