Background Energy storage and return feet are designed for active amputees. However, little is known about the socket reaction moments in transtibial prostheses with energy storage and return feet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of alignment changes on the socket reaction moments during gait while using the energy storage and return feet. Methods A Smart Pyramid™ was used to measure the socket reaction moments in 10 subjects with transtibial prostheses while walking under 25 alignment conditions, including a nominal alignment (as defined by conventional clinical methods), as well as angle malalignments of 2, 4 and 6 (flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction) and translation malalignments of 5 mm, 10 mm and 15 mm (anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial) referenced from the nominal alignment. The socket reaction moments of the nominal alignment were compared with each malalignment. Findings Both coronal and sagittal alignment changes demonstrated systematic effects on the socket reaction moments. In the sagittal plane, angle and translation alignment changes demonstrated significant differences (P < 0.05) in the minimum moment, the moment at 45% of stance and the maximum moment for some comparisons. In the coronal plane, angle and translation alignment changes demonstrated significant differences (P < 0.05) in the moment at 30% and 75% of stance for all comparisons. Interpretation The alignment may have systematic effects on the socket reaction moments in transtibial prostheses with energy storage and return feet. The socket reaction moments could potentially be a useful biomechanical parameter to evaluate the alignment of the transtibial prostheses.
- Direct measurement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine