Ear-parotic face angle: A unique feature for 3D ear recognition

Yahui Liu, Bob Zhang, Dapeng Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a unique characteristic in 3D ear images: ear-parotic face angle of the person. The ear-parotic face angle feature is defined as the angle between the normal vector of the ear-plane and the normal vector of the parotic face-plane. It is a unique and stable feature in 3D ears, and is able to provide indexing identification as well as hierarchical verification solutions which enhance both the speed and accuracy of 3D ear recognition. The experimental results show that by using the angle indexing in identification, the search range is reduced to 9.69% from the original, which is a considerable reduction in time. The verification experiment also achieved an equal error rate (ERR) improvement (from 2.8% to 2.3%) by combing the angle feature with iterative closest point (ICP) method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalPattern Recognition Letters
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015


  • 3D ear indexing
  • 3D ear recognition
  • Biometrics
  • Ear-parotic face angle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence


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