Dynamics and vibration reduction performance of asymmetric tristable nonlinear energy sink

Hongyan Chen, Youcheng Zeng, Hu Ding, Siukai Lai, Liqun Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


With its complex nonlinear dynamic behavior, the tristable system has shown excellent performance in areas such as energy harvesting and vibration suppression, and has attracted a lot of attention. In this paper, an asymmetric tristable design is proposed to improve the vibration suppression efficiency of nonlinear energy sinks (NESs) for the first time. The proposed asymmetric tristable NES (ATNES) is composed of a pair of oblique springs and a vertical spring. Then, the three stable states, symmetric and asymmetric, can be achieved by the adjustment of the distance and stiffness asymmetry of the oblique springs. The governing equations of a linear oscillator (LO) coupled with the ATNES are derived. The approximate analytical solution to the coupled system is obtained by the harmonic balance method (HBM) and verified numerically. The vibration suppression efficiency of three types of ATNES is compared. The results show that the asymmetric design can improve the efficiency of vibration reduction through comparing the chaotic motion of the NES oscillator between asymmetric steady states. In addition, compared with the symmetrical tristable NES (TNES), the ATNES can effectively control smaller structural vibrations. In other words, the ATNES can effectively solve the threshold problem of TNES failure to weak excitation. Therefore, this paper reveals the vibration reduction mechanism of the ATNES, and provides a pathway to expand the effective excitation amplitude range of the NES.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-406
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Mathematics and Mechanics (English Edition)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


  • 34A34
  • 74H45
  • asymmetric
  • nonlinear energy sink (NES)
  • O322
  • potential barrier
  • tristable
  • vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamics and vibration reduction performance of asymmetric tristable nonlinear energy sink'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this