Dynamic Virtual Resource Allocation Mechanism for Survivable Services in Emerging NFV-Enabled Vehicular Networks

Haotong Cao, Haitao Zhao, Xiapu Luo, Neeraj Kumar, Longxiang Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) is an emerging aspect of the 5G vertical application. Network function virtualization (NFV) is the key enabling technology of 5G and beyond 5G (B5G) networks. In NFV-enabled vehicular and 5G networks, all underlying nodes (e.g. vehicular, edge, core) can be completely virtualized and easy to be managed and allocated. Network service providers can implement each dynamically requested virtual network service (VNS), having arbitrary topology and customized resource demands, on top of the NFV-enabled networks. However, network elements (e.g. nodes and links) may come into failures accidentally. Consequently, it will lead to the performance degradation of implemented VNSs that run on top of the failed network elements. It is vital to guarantee the survivable services even though the network elements fail accidentally. Therefore, we propose the dynamic virtual resource allocation mechanism in this paper. Firstly, we introduce the business model and formulate the dynamic virtual resource allocation in NFV-enabled networks. Secondly, we detail all modules of our proposed mechanism. Especially, the initial resource allocation and re-allocation modules of achieving the survivable network services are detailed. Finally, we execute the comprehensive simulations by comparing with the typical virtual resource allocation mechanisms. The simulation results are discussed so as to highlight the merits of the proposed mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22492 - 22504
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number11
Early online date26 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


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