Dynamic Scene Graph for Mutual-Cognition Generation in Proactive Human-Robot Collaboration

Shufei Li, Pai Zheng (Corresponding Author), Zuoxu Wang, Junming Fan, Lihui Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationConference articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Human-robot collaboration (HRC) plays a crucial role in agile, flexible, and human-centric manufacturing towards the mass personalization transition. Nevertheless, in today's HRC tasks, either humans or robots need to follow the partners' commands and instructions along collaborative activities progressing, instead of proactive, mutual engagement. The non-semantic perception of HRC scenarios impedes mutually needed, proactive planning and high-cognitive capabilities in existing HRC systems. To overcome the bottleneck, this research explores a dynamic scene graph-based method for mutual-cognition generation in Proactive HRC applications. Firstly, a spatial-attention object detector is utilized to dynamically perceive objects in industrial settings. Secondly, a linking prediction module is leveraged to construct HRC scene graphs. An attentional graph convolutional network (GCN) is utilized to capture relations between industrial parts, human operators, and robot operations and reason structural connections of human-robot collaborative processing as graph embedding, which links to mutual planners for human operation supports and robot proactive instructions. Lastly, the Proactive HRC implementation is demonstrated on disassembly tasks of aging electronic vehicle batteries (EVBs) and evaluate its mutual-cognition capabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-948
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia CIRP
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event55th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, CIRP CMS 2022 - Lugano, Switzerland
Duration: 29 Jun 20221 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Cognitive computing
  • human-centric manufacturing
  • human-robot collaboration
  • scene graph

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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