Dynamic response of suspension bridge to high wind and running train

You Lin Xu, H. Xia, Q. S. Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


A framework is presented for predicting the dynamic response of long suspension bridges to high winds and running trains. A three-dimensional finite-element model is used to represent a suspension bridge. Wind forces acting on the bridge, including both buffeting and self-excited forces, are generated in the time domain using a fast spectral representation method and measured aerodynamic coefficients and flutter derivatives. Each 4-axle vehicle in a train is modeled by a 27-degrees-of-freedom dynamic system. The dynamic interaction between the bridge and train is realized through the contact forces between the wheels and track. By applying a mode superposition technique to the bridge only and taking the measured track irregularities as known quantities, the number of degrees of freedom of the bridge-train system is significantly reduced and the coupled equations of motion are efficiently solved. The proposed formulation is then applied to a real wind-excited long suspension bridge carrying a railway inside the bridge deck of a closed cross section. The results show that the formulation presented in this paper can predict the dynamic response of the coupled bridge-train systems under fluctuating winds. The extent of interaction between the bridge and train depends on wind speed and train speed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-55
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Bridge Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • Bridges, suspension
  • Dynamic responses
  • Railroad trains
  • Wind loads

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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