Dynamic MRI of Grid-Tagged Hyperpolarized Helium-3 for the Assessment of Lung Motion During Breathing

Jing Cai, Ke Sheng, Stanley H. Benedict, Paul W. Read, James M. Larner, John P. Mugler, Eduard E. de Lange, Gordon D. Cates, G. Wilson Miller

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To develop a dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tagging technique using hyperpolarized helium-3 (HP He-3) to track lung motion. Methods and Materials: An accelerated non-Cartesian k-space trajectory was used to gain acquisition speed, at the cost of introducing image artifacts, providing a viable strategy for obtaining whole-lung coverage with adequate temporal resolution. Multiple-slice two-dimensional dynamic images of the lung were obtained in three healthy subjects after inhaling He-3 gas polarized to 35%-40%. Displacement, strain, and ventilation maps were computed from the observed motion of the grid peaks. Results: Both temporal and spatial variations of pulmonary mechanics were observed in normal subjects, including shear motion between different lobes of the same lung. Conclusion: These initial results suggest that dynamic imaging of grid-tagged hyperpolarized magnetization may potentially be a powerful tool for observing and quantifying pulmonary biomechanics on a regional basis and for assessing, validating, and improving lung deformable image registration algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-284
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Deformable image registration
  • Dynamic MRI
  • Hyperpolarized gas
  • Lung motion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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