Dynamic monitoring of forearm muscles using one-dimensional sonomyography system

Jing Yi Guo, Yongping Zheng, Qing Hua Huang, Xin Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


We introduce a method, known as one-dimensional sonomyography (1-D SMG), that uses A-mode ultrasound signals to detect dynamic thickness changes in skeletal muscle during contraction. We custom-designed a 1-D SMG system to collect synchronized A-mode ultrasound, joint angle, and surface electromyography (EMG) signals of forearm muscles during wrist extension. We extracted the 1-D SMG signal from the ultrasound signal by automatically tracking the corresponding echoes, which we then used to calculate muscle thickness changes. We tested the right forearm muscles of nine nondisabled young subjects while they performed wrist extensions at 15.0, 22.5, and 30.0 cycles/min and their largest wrist extension angle ranged from 80° to 90° . We found that the muscle deformation and EMG root mean square signals correlated linearly with wrist extension angle. The ratio of deformation to wrist angle was significantly different among the subjects (p < 0.001) but not among the trials of different extension rates for each subject (p = 0.9). The results demonstrate that 1-D SMG can be reliably performed and that it has the potential for skeletal muscle assessment and prosthesis control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008


  • Electromyography
  • EMG
  • Forearm muscles
  • Mechanomyography
  • MMG
  • Rehabilitation
  • Skeletal muscles
  • SMG
  • Sonomyography
  • Ultrasound
  • Wrist extension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation


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