Dynamic Computation Offloading for Mobile-Edge Computing with Energy Harvesting Devices

Yuyi Mao, Jun Zhang, Khaled B. Letaief

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1327 Citations (Scopus)


Mobile-edge computing (MEC) is an emerging paradigm to meet the ever-increasing computation demands from mobile applications. By offloading the computationally intensive workloads to the MEC server, the quality of computation experience, e.g., the execution latency, could be greatly improved. Nevertheless, as the on-device battery capacities are limited, computation would be interrupted when the battery energy runs out. To provide satisfactory computation performance as well as achieving green computing, it is of significant importance to seek renewable energy sources to power mobile devices via energy harvesting (EH) technologies. In this paper, we will investigate a green MEC system with EH devices and develop an effective computation offloading strategy. The execution cost, which addresses both the execution latency and task failure, is adopted as the performance metric. A low-complexity online algorithm is proposed, namely, the Lyapunov optimization-based dynamic computation offloading algorithm, which jointly decides the offloading decision, the CPU-cycle frequencies for mobile execution, and the transmit power for computation offloading. A unique advantage of this algorithm is that the decisions depend only on the current system state without requiring distribution information of the computation task request, wireless channel, and EH processes. The implementation of the algorithm only requires to solve a deterministic problem in each time slot, for which the optimal solution can be obtained either in closed form or by bisection search. Moreover, the proposed algorithm is shown to be asymptotically optimal via rigorous analysis. Sample simulation results shall be presented to corroborate the theoretical analysis as well as validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7572018
Pages (from-to)3590-3605
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS)
  • energy harvesting (EH)
  • Lyapunov optimization
  • Mobile-edge computing (MEC)
  • power control
  • QoE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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