Dynamic characteristics of an aerostatic bearing spindle and its influence on surface topography in ultra-precision diamond turning

S. J. Zhang, Suet To, Chi Fai Cheung, H. T. Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


In ultra-precision diamond turning (UPDT), aerostatic bearing spindle vibration plays the major part in many factors that influence surface topographies. In this paper, a five-degree-of-freedom dynamic model for an aerostatic bearing spindle is built up to describe its dynamic responses, involving translational motions and tilting motions, and to analyze the effects on surface topography of the spindle vibration under different cutting processes in UPDT. It was found that the spindle processes at the axial natural frequency along the axial direction, the radial natural frequency along the radial directions and the twin tilting natural frequencies around the radial directions, and when cutting develops from outside to the center of the machined surface, the dominant effects of the spindle's tilting motions on surface topography gradually disappear and the axial translational motion produces a great influence on surface topography. This was identified by the experimental results. Crown
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012


  • Cutting force
  • PSD
  • Spindle vibration
  • Surface topography
  • Ultra-precision diamond turning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this