Dynamic behavior of stay cables with passive negative stiffness dampers

Xiang Shi, Songye Zhu, Jin Yang Li, Billie F. Spencer

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


� 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd. This paper systematically investigates the dynamic behavior of stay cables with passive negative stiffness dampers (NSD) installed close to the cable end. A passive NSD is modeled as a combination of a negative stiffness spring and a viscous damper. Through both analytical and numerical approaches, parametric analysis of negative stiffness and viscous damping are conducted to systematically evaluate the vibration control performance of passive NSD on stay cables. Since negative stiffness is an unstable element, the boundary of passive negative stiffness for stay cables to maintain stability is also derived. Results reveal that the asymptotic approach is only applicable to passive dampers with positive or moderate negative stiffness, and loses its accuracy when a passive NSD possesses significant negative stiffness. It has been found that the performance of passive NSD can be much better than those of conventional viscous dampers. The superior control performance of passive NSD in cable vibration mitigation is validated through numerical simulations of a full-scale stay cable.
Original languageEnglish
Article number075044
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Negative stiffness damper
  • Passive vibration control
  • Stay cable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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