Dynamic behavior of 3D biaxial spacer weft-knitted composite T-beam under transverse impact

Mingxing Zhang, Baozhong Sun, Hong Hu, Bohong Gu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The dynamic responses of T-beam structures made of 3D biaxial weft-knitted composite were tested under different impact velocities to characterize strength and energy absorptions of the T-beam with different rib heights. The transverse impact tests were carried out at a modified split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) apparatus and also compared with the quasi-static test results. A user defined material subroutine named MAT/UMAT, which was based on a unit-cell model of the 3D knitted composite was developed to calculate the impact responses with a commercial FEM code ABAQUS. The load-displacement curves of the composite T-beam with different rib height under impact were calculated and compared with those from experiment. Mechanisms of the load-displacement curve fluctuations obtained from experiments are also discussed. The effect of the rib height on the load-displacement cures and energy absorptions have also been analyzed. Such an approach could also be extended to the design of other 3D knitted composite structures with different shapes under impulsive loading.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-370
Number of pages15
JournalMechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D biaxial spacer weft-knitted composite T-beam
  • FEM
  • Impact responses
  • Modified split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB)
  • Rib height
  • User defined material subroutine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Mathematics
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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