Dynamic Analysis of a Coupled System of High-Speed Maglev Train and Curved Viaduct

Z. L. Wang, Y. L. Xu, G. Q. Li, S. W. Chen, X. L. Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


This study presents a framework for dynamic analysis of a coupled system of high-speed maglev train and curved viaduct. A series of trajectory coordinates are used to define the motion of maglev vehicles moving over a horizontally curved track, the stiffness and damping matrices of the equations can be thus reduced into those of the straight track. The curved viaduct system is modeled in the global coordinate system using the finite element method, in which the inner and outer rails in the different horizontal planes are duly included. The electromagnet force-air gap model is adopted for the maglev vehicle via its electromagnets and rails on the viaduct, by appropriate transformation of coordinates. By applying the proposed framework to the Shanghai maglev line, curved path-induced dynamic responses and characteristics of the vehicle are explored, which agree well with the measurement ones. The dynamic responses of the curved viaduct are also examined in the vertical, lateral and rotational directions by comparison with the straight viaduct. Moreover, the effect of various curve radii and cant deficiencies on the coupled system are investigated. The results show that for a maglev vehicle moving with an initial equilibrium state, its lateral and rotational response are mainly excited by track roughness. In addition to the track radius, cant deficiencies significantly affect the operational safety of the viaduct.

Original languageEnglish
Article number501432
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • case study
  • curved viaduct
  • High-speed maglev train
  • interaction
  • Shanghai maglev line
  • trajectory coordinate system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamic Analysis of a Coupled System of High-Speed Maglev Train and Curved Viaduct'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this