Droplet Microarray Based on Nanosensing Probe Patterns for Simultaneous Detection of Multiple HIV Retroviral Nucleic Acids

Gerile Oudeng, Maximilian Benz, Anna A. Popova, Yu Zhang, Changqing Yi, Pavel A. Levkin, Mo Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Multiplexed detection of viral nucleic acids is important for rapid screening of viral infection. In this study, we present a molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheet-modified dendrimer droplet microarray (DMA) for rapid and sensitive detection of retroviral nucleic acids of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and human immunodeficiency virus-2 (HIV-2) simultaneously. The DMA platform was fabricated by omniphobic-omniphilic patterning on a surface-grafted dendrimer substrate. Functionalized MoS2 nanosheets modified with fluorescent dye-labeled oligomer probes were prepatterned on positively charged amino-modified omniphilic spots to form a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) sensing microarray. With the formation of separated microdroplets of sample on the hydrophobic-hydrophilic micropattern, prepatterned oligomer probes specifically hybridized with the target HIV genes and detached from the MoS2 nanosheet surface due to weakening of the adsorption force, leading to fluorescence signal recovery. As a proof of concept, we used this microarray with a small sample size (<150 nL) for simultaneous detection of HIV-1 and HIV-2 nucleic acids with a limit of detection (LOD) of 50 pM. The multiplex detection capability was further demonstrated for simultaneous detection of five viral genes (HIV-1, HIV-2, ORFlab, and N genes of SARS-COV-2 and M gene of Influenza A). This work demonstrated the potential of this novel MoS2-DMA FRET sensing platform for high-throughput multiplexed viral nucleic acid screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55614-55623
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2020


  • 2D MoSnanosheets
  • droplet microarray (DMA)
  • fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET)
  • HIV nucleic acids
  • omniphobic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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