Does social identity affect residents’ attitude toward tourism development?: An evidence from the relaxation of the individual visit scheme

Ben Haobin Ye, Hanqin Qiu Zhang, James Huawen Shen, Carey Goh

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Design/methodology/approach – Face-to-face interviews with local Hong Kong residents were conducted. A total of 24 respondents’ interviews were qualified for qualitative analysis using the snowball sampling technique. Findings – The perceived positive and negative impacts, social identity and perceived cultural distance of Hong Kong residents were important in explaining their attitude toward tourism development. Perceived cultural distance influenced both the perceived negative impacts and social identity of residents, which, in turn, affected their attitude toward mainland Chinese tourists and tourism development. Research limitations/implications – The sample size for the interviews was relatively small; however, it was acceptable for qualitative studies. Practical implications – First, the Hong Kong Government should enhance civic education among mainland Chinese tourists to reduce their cultural conflicts with Hong Kong residents. Second, the Hong Kong Government should enhance national education among Hong Kong residents to mitigate the negative influence of the relaxation of the IVS. Originality/value – This study sheds light on the roles of perceived cultural distance and social identity in the attitude of residents toward tourism development, thus narrowing research gaps. Moreover, the current study applies an intercultural-interaction perspective, social identity theory, common in-group identity theory and social distance theory to understand resident attitude toward tourism development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-929
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Hong Kong
  • Individual visit scheme
  • Resident attitude
  • Social identity
  • Sustainability
  • Tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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