Does aging-friendly enhance sustainability? Evidence from Hong Kong

Queena K. Qian, Winky K.O. Ho, J. Jorge Ochoa, Edwin H.W. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The aging population is one of the demographic changes in the 21st century. World Health Organization defines an age-friendly city as a place that has an “inclusive and accessible urban environment that promotes active aging.” It receives considerable attention in the field of gerontology and contains important aspects of sustainable urban development. Unfortunately, there have not much research that addresses the relationship between aging-friendly and sustainability. There is a need to modify the market mechanism to achieve environmental objectives while striking a balance between social and economic considerations. This paper aims to empirically examine the integrated relationships between the dense urban environment and the social and emotional needs of the elderly in the Hong Kong context. The on-street survey was conducted in eight districts in Hong Kong to collect the opinions about aging-friendly criteria and sustainability indicators. It utilizes principal component analysis and multiple regression technique to unveil the mask of their intrinsic relationship. The empirical results suggest how the aging-friendly factors have impacted the economic, environmental, and social sustainability to a certain extent. Notably, two key findings were revealed from the empirical results. (a) “Outdoor Spaces” is consistently found not to be a planning factor that can enhance three types of sustainability, irrespective of the age groups in Hong Kong; (b) “Community Support and Health Services” is regarded as a significant factor, with the exception of economic sustainability (age group ≤60).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-668
Number of pages12
JournalSustainable Development
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • aging-friendly
  • economic sustainability
  • environmental sustainability
  • Hong Kong
  • principal component analysis
  • social sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Development


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