Do people feel they belong? Socio-political factors shaping the place attachment of Hong Kong citizens

Man Yee Karen Lee, Mathew Y.H. Wong, Anita Kit Wa Chan, Eric King man Chong, Lewis T.O. Cheung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hong Kong citizens’ sense of belonging has gone through a period of fluctuation during the period of rapid socio-political and legal change since the outbreak of the Anti-Extradition Law Amendment Bill Movement in 2019. This study explored how multiple dimensions of the place attachment of Hong Kong citizens have been shaped by factors associated with these changes. Six socio-political variables were incorporated into the three dimensions of the person–process–place (PPP) framework. Based on a representative survey of the local population (n = 768), we found that political inclination and identity were significantly associated with the sense of place, with citizens identifying as Chinese and aligning with the pro-establishment camp showing higher levels of place attachment. Mobility was negatively associated with place attachment, whereas the correlation between attachment and perceptions of the law and legal system was positive. The study has implications for Hong Kong’s current socio-political and institutional environment and for emigration. It also demonstrates the wider applicability of the PPP framework for identifying and clarifying the various predictors of different dimensions of place attachment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalGeographical Research
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • belongingness
  • global citizenship engagement
  • income inequality
  • mobility
  • perceptions of the law and legal system
  • place attachment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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