Diversity in optometric education within and across china: Challenges for harmonisation

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5 Citations (Scopus)


The development of optometric education and the establishment of formal tertiary educational programs in the Chinese mainland, Hong Kong and Taiwan are described. The various types of degree and diploma programs from medical and technological universities are differentiated. The definition of optometry, as it is understood by the regulatory bodies and the populace, is discussed. There is more diversity in optometric programs within and across Greater China than among some nations. However, due to cultural and linguistic similarities, interactions and interchanges among institutions/associations at regular intervals are of immense value in harmonising the differences in educational programs and professional practices. Exchange programs, conferences and seminars further enhance the educational standards by exchanging technical knowledge and good clinical practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-425
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2005


  • China
  • Education
  • Optometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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