District energy system modeling and optimal operation considering CHP units dynamic response to wind power ramp events

Dongsheng Yang, Qi Tang, Bowen Zhou, Siqi Bu, Jun Cao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


With the increase in clean energy penetration, its power curtailment during operation is made increasingly evident. In this circumstance, it is imperative to address the conflict between inflexible combined heat and power (CHP) units and variable wind and solar power. In this paper, a novel coordinated optimal operation strategy of a district energy system with CHP, wind power and energy storage is established with the following characteristics: the optimal installed capacity of electric energy storage (EES) is determined to smooth the high frequency fluctuation of wind power generation; the CHP units achieve dynamic response to wind power ramp events timely after EES smoothing; and the CHP model with start-stop and dynamic response mechanism is able to reduce the installed capacity of electric boiler (EB) significantly. One-week operation data is adopted in the case studies to increase the reliability of simulation results. The simulation results show that with EES integration, high frequency wind energy curtailment is reduced, the capability of peak regulation and power ramp of CHP units is enhanced by start-stop and the proposed dynamic response mechanism and environmentally sustainable and socially resilient cities is promoted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102449
JournalSustainable Cities and Society
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • District energy system
  • Dynamic response
  • Optimal operation
  • Start-stop strategy
  • Wind power ramp events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Transportation


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