Distribution characteristics of respiratory aerosols in enclosed environments

Naiping Gao, Jianlei Niu, Lidia Morawska

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies the spatial concentration distribution and temporal evolution of exhaled and sneezed/coughed droplets within the range of 1.0 to 10.0 μm in an office room with three air distribution methods, including mixing ventilation (MV), displacement ventilation (DV), and under-floor air distribution (UFAD). The simulation results indicate that exhaled droplets with diameters up to 10.0 μm from normal respiration process are uniformly distributed in MV. However, they become trapped at the breathing height by thermal stratifications in DV and UFAD, resulting in a high droplet concentration and an increased exposure risk to other occupants. Sneezed/coughed droplets are more slowly diluted in DV/UFAD than in MV. Low air speed in the breathing zone in DV/UFAD can lead to prolonged human exposure to droplets in the breathing zone.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-237
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Southeast University (English Edition)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010


  • Airborne disease
  • Displacement ventilation
  • Respiratory droplets
  • Transmission
  • Under-floor air distribution (UFAD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this