Advances in metering and two-way communication technologies foster the studies of Home Energy Management System (HEMS). This study proposes a new HEMS, which optimally schedules the distributed residential energy resources (DRERs) in a smart home environment with varying electricity tariff and high solar penetrations. The uncertainties of solar power output are captured by using Monte Carlo sampling technique to generate multiple solar output scenarios based on the probabilistic solar radiation model. The homeowner's rigid and elastic restrictions on the operations of the automatically controlled household appliances are modelled. Based on this, an optimal DRER scheduling model is proposed to minimise the home operation cost while taking into account the homeowner's requirements. A new heuristic optimisation algorithm recently proposed by the authors, i.e. natural aggregation algorithm, is used to solve the proposed model. Simulations based on real Australian solar data are conducted to validate the proposed method.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering