Distributed Multi-Dimensional Pricing for Efficient Application Offloading in Mobile Cloud Computing

Kun Xie, Xin Wang, Gaogang Xie, Dongliang Xie, Jiannong Cao, Yuqin Ji, Jigang Wen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Offloading computation intensive applications to mobile cloud is promising for overcoming the problems of limited computational resources and energy of mobile devices. However, without considering the competition relationship of mobile users and cloudlets in the mobile cloud computing system, existing studies lack an incentive mechanism for the system to achieve efficient application offloading and cloud resource provisioning. In this paper, we design MPTMG, a Multi-dimensional Pricing mechanism based on Two-sided Market Game. We propose three types of prices: a multi-dimensional price corresponding to multi-dimensional resource allocation, a penalty price to encourage fair and high quality cloud services, and a benefit discount factor to motivate more even provisioning of resources on different dimensions in the cloud. Based on these prices, we propose a distributed price-adjustment algorithm for efficient resource allocation and QoS-aware offloading scheduling. We prove that the algorithm can converge in a finite number of iterations to the equilibrium core allocation at which the mobile cloud system achieves the Pareto efficiency by maximizing the total system benefit. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that applies economic theories and pricing mechanisms to manage application offloading in mobile cloud systems. The simulation results demonstrate that our proposed pricing mechanism can significantly improve the system performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7792154
Pages (from-to)925-940
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Services Computing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • cloud offloading
  • cloudlet
  • Mobile cloud
  • two-side market game

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems and Management

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