Disfluency in relay and non-relay simultaneous interpreting: An initial exploration

Shuxian Song, Kay Fan Andrew Cheung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This corpus-based study explores the effects of relay interpreting at meetings of the United Nations General Assembly by comparing features of disfluency between the outputs of relay and non-relay simultaneous interpreting (SI). The findings are as follows: (1) the output of relay interpreting is shorter and more dispersive than that of non-relay interpreting; (2) filled pauses are the most common type of disfluency; and (3) the relay SI output shows fewer lexical and phonetic E-repairs and more A-repairs for ambiguity, syntactic E-repairs, and D-repairs than the non-relay output. The results suggest that the use of relay vs. non-relay interpreting may affect interpreters’ output.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalFORUM (Netherlands)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


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