Disease burden of cerebellar ataxia in Hong Kong: A retrospective cost-utility analysis

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic research

Abstract

Background: Cerebellar ataxia affects the coordination and balance of patients. The impact of this disease increases burden in patients, caregivers and society. Costs and the burden of this disease have not been investigated in Hong Kong. Objectives: (1) To estimate the socioeconomic cost of cerebellar ataxia in Hong Kong for the base year 2019, (2) to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and severity of ataxia and (3) to establish the correlation between the severity and cost of cerebellar ataxia and to examine the correlation between the severity of cerebellar ataxia and HRQoL. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 23 participants. Cost-related data were obtained through self-reported questionnaires. The severity of ataxia was assessed using the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia, and HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36). Pearson correlation was used for normally distributed data, whereas Spearman correlation was used otherwise. Results: The mean severity of ataxia was 20 out of 40. The average direct and indirect costs of a patient with ataxia in 6 months were HKD 53,492 and HKD 92,576, respectively. The mean difference between the independent to minimally dependent in activities of daily living (ADL) group and the moderate to maximally dependent in ADL group for direct and indirect costs was HKD 38,234 and HKD 52,690, respectively. Significant expenditure was related to production lost (41%), in-patient care (18%) and caregiver salary (14%). The physical functioning (r=−0.610) and general health (r=−0.423) of SF-36 were negatively correlated with disease severity (p<0.05). A significant, positive correlation was found between disease severity and direct cost (Spearman’s rho=0.414) and the cost of hiring a caregiver (Spearman’s rho=0.423). Conclusion: The mean cost for 6 months for patients with cerebellar ataxia in Hong Kong is HKD 146,068. The healthcare system in Hong Kong caters adequately to provide satisfactory support to eligible citizens with cerebellar ataxia. Additional support, including employment, access to specialist consultants, informal home care and community participation, are some areas that should be addressed. Future study on a larger population with a prospective design is necessary to confirm the aforementioned claims.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDisease burden of cerebellar ataxia in Hong Kong: A retrospective cost-utility analysis
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2021
EventWorld Physiotherapy Congress 2021 Online -
Duration: 9 Apr 202111 Apr 2021

Competition

CompetitionWorld Physiotherapy Congress 2021 Online
Period9/04/2111/04/21

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