Construction materials dominate the main responsibility to maintain the environmental sustainable development in human's activities. Geopolymer concrete containing fly ash and recycled aggregate is a new concrete which can reuse the by-product of power station and waste concrete, as well as reduce the production of cement which contribute a lot of carbon dioxide emission in the manufacturing process. In this paper, experiments were carried out to investigate the mechanical properties and microstructure of geopolymer concrete with different recycled aggregate contents. Six mixtures were designed including alkali-activated fly ash geopolymeric recycled concrete and corresponding ordinary concrete as the comparison. The compressive strength of the concrete with 0%, 50% and 100% recycled aggregates was tested. The microstructure of these concrete were investigated by petrographic microscope under transmit light. According to experimental results, the strength development and failure mechanism are discussed. Furthermore, the application of such geopolymer concrete is discussed and suggested.