Discovery of a Flavonoid FM04 as a Potent Inhibitor to Reverse P-Glycoprotein-Mediated Drug Resistance in Xenografts and Improve Oral Bioavailability of Paclitaxel

Jason W.Y. Kan, Clare S.W. Yan, Iris L.K. Wong, Xiaochun Su, Zhen Liu, Tak Hang Chan, Larry M.C. Chow

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biotransformation of flavonoid dimer FD18 resulted in an active metabolite FM04. It was more druggable because of its improved physicochemical properties. FM04 (EC50 = 83 nM) was 1.8-fold more potent than FD18 in reversing P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated paclitaxel (PTX) resistance in vitro. Similar to FD18, FM04 chemosensitized LCC6MDR cells towards multiple anticancer drugs by inhibiting the transport activity of P-gp and restoring intracellular drug levels. It stimulated the P-gp ATPase by 3.3-fold at 100 μM. Different from FD18, FM04 itself was not a transport substrate of P-gp and presumably, it cannot work as a competitive inhibitor. In the human melanoma MDA435/LCC6MDR xenograft, the co-administration of FM04 (28 mg/kg, I.P.) with PTX (12 mg/kg, I.V.) directly modulated P-gp-mediated PTX resistance and caused a 56% (*, p < 0.05) reduction in tumor volume without toxicity or animal death. When FM04 was administered orally at 45 mg/kg as a dual inhibitor of P-gp/CYP2C8 or 3A4 enzymes in the intestine, it increased the intestinal absorption of PTX from 0.2% to 14% in mice and caused about 57- to 66-fold improvement of AUC as compared to a single oral dose of PTX. Oral co-administration of FM04 (45 mg/kg) with PTX (40, 60 or 70 mg/kg) suppressed the human melanoma MDA435/LCC6 tumor growth with at least a 73% (***, p < 0.001) reduction in tumor volume without serious toxicity. Therefore, FM04 can be developed into a novel combination chemotherapy to treat cancer by directly targeting the P-gp overexpressed tumors or potentiating the oral bioavailability of P-gp substrate drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15299
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • flavonoids
  • modulator
  • multidrug resistance
  • oral bioavailability
  • P-glycoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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