Disaggregation of remotely sensed land surface temperature: A new dynamic methodology

Wenfeng Zhan, Fan Huang, Jinling Quan, Xiaolin Zhu, Lun Gao, Ji Zhou, Weimin Ju

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


The trade-off between the spatial and temporal resolutions of satellite-derived land surface temperature (LST) gives birth to disaggregation of LST (DLST). However, the concurrent enhancement of the spatiotemporal resolutions of LST remains difficult, and many studies disregard the conservation of thermal radiance between predisaggregated and postdisaggregated LSTs. Here we propose a new dynamic methodology to enhance concurrently the spatiotemporal resolutions of satellite-derived LSTs. This methodology conducts DLST by the controlling parameters of the temperature cycle models, i.e., the diurnal temperature cycle (DTC) model and annual temperature cycle (ATC) model, rather than directly by the LST. To achieve the conservation of thermal radiance between predisaggregated and postdisaggregated LSTs, herein we incorporate a modulation procedure that adds temporal thermal details to coarse resolution LSTs rather than straightforwardly transforms fine-resolution scaling factors into LSTs. Indirect validations at the same resolution show that the mean absolute error (MAE) between the predicted and reference LSTs is around 1.0 K during a DTC; the associated MAE is around 2.0 K during an ATC, but this relatively lower accuracy is due more to the uncertainty of the ATC model. The upscaling validations indicate that the MAE is around 1.0 K and the normalized mean absolute error is around 0.3. Comparisons between the DTC- and ATC-based DLST illustrate that the former retains a higher accuracy, but the latter holds a higher flexibility on days when background low-resolution LSTs are unavailable. This methodology alters the static DLST into a dynamic way, and it is able to provide temporally continuous fine-resolution LSTs; it will also promote the design of DLST methods for the generation of high-quality LSTs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10,538-10,554
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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