Dirty industry migration globally and to China : an empirical study

Haitian Lu, H. Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This work empirically tests the hypothesis of foreign dirty industry migration ("DIM") to China. Based on the two primary vehicles of DIM, namely direct DIM through foreign investment and indirect DIM through international trade, and applying the open sources of data from the U.S. Census Bureau and China Statistics Yearbook from 1995 to 2006, the author identifies the sectors that show evidence of DIM, and estimates the aggregate environmental impact of both direct and indirect DIM on China. The conclusion of this work has policy implications for the sustainable development of both China and other developing countries that emulate China's development strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-202
Number of pages27
JournalInternational review of business research papers
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Dirty industry migration
  • Environmental stringency
  • Pollution
  • China


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