Directionality and Momentum of Water in Weather: A Morphosemantic Study of Conceptualisation Based on Hantology

Sicong Dong, Yike Yang, Chu Ren Huang, He Ren

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We present in this paper a study of the conceptualisation of meteorological events involving water in Chinese based on Hantology, a SUMO-based ontology of Chinese orthography. Our comprehensive investigation of the morphosemantic behaviours of these weather words in both Mandarin and Sinitic languages reveals that they are predicted by the directionality and momentum of their formation and movement. We studied events involving water in both liquid and solid forms: such as rain, snow, hail, fog, dew and frost. They share the radical 雨, which can be linked to two SUMO nodes according to Hantology. This ontological bifurcation can be shown to bring about not only the diversity of direction expressions referring to these words for water, but also the differences of semantic features and PoS between them in Archaic Chinese. Moreover, the momentum of different water forms is proposed to be the physical basis for the differences of PoS, semantic features and node linking.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChinese Lexical Semantics - 20th Workshop, CLSW 2019, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsJia-Fei Hong, Yangsen Zhang, Pengyuan Liu
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030381882
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
Event20th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2019 - Beijing, China
Duration: 28 Jun 201930 Jun 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11831 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference20th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2019


  • Archaic Chinese
  • Directionality
  • Mandarin Chinese
  • PoS
  • Sinitic languages
  • Weather and language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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