Direct formate fuel cells: A review

Liang An, R. Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)


Direct formate fuel cells (DFFC), which convert the chemical energy stored in formate directly into electricity, are recently attracting more attention, primarily because of the use of the carbon-neutral fuel and the low-cost electrocatalytic and membrane materials. As an emerging energy technology, the DFFC has made a rapid progress in recent years (currently, the state-of-the-art power density is 591 mW cm-2at 60 °C). This article provides a review of past research on the development of this type of fuel cell, including the working principle, mechanisms and materials of the electrocatalytic oxidation of formate, singe-cell designs and performance, as well as innovative system designs. In addition, future perspectives with regard to the development of this fuel cell system are also highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-139
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2016


  • Cell performance
  • Direct formate fuel cells
  • Electrocatalysts
  • Electrocatalytic mechanisms
  • Fuel cells
  • System designs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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