Dimensionality of the Chinese positive youth development scale: Confirmatory factor analyses

Tan Lei Shek, Man Sze Ma

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

163 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the dimensionality and factorial invariance of the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale (CPYDS) using multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (MCFA). Secondary 1 students (N = 5,649) responded to the CPYDS in the context of a positive youth development program. Results showed that there are 15 basic dimensions of the CPYDS which are subsumed under four higher-order factors (i.e., cognitive-behavioral competencies, prosocial attributes, positive identity and general positive youth development qualities). Evidence of factorial invariance in terms of configuration, first-order factor loadings, second-order factor loadings, intercepts of measured variable, and intercepts of first-order latent factor, was found. The findings suggest that the CPYDS has stable dimensions that can be used to assess positive youth development in Chinese adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-59
Number of pages19
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Chinese adolescents
  • Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Positive youth development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)


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