Dilatancy relation for overconsolidated clay

Zhiwei Gao, Jidong Zhao, Zhen Yu Yin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


A distinct feature of overconsolidated (OC) clays is that their dilatancy behavior is dependent on the degree of overconsolidation. Typically, a heavily OC clay shows volume expansion, whereas a lightly OC clay exhibits volume contraction when subjected to shear. Proper characterization of the stress-dilatancy behavior proves to be important for constitutive modeling of OC clays. This paper presents a dilatancy relation in conjunction with a bounding surface or subloading surface model to simulate the behavior of OC clays. At the same stress ratio, the proposed relation can reasonably capture the relatively more dilative response for clay with a higher overconsolidation ratio (OCR). It may recover to the dilatancy relation of a modified Cam-clay (MCC) model when the soil becomes normally consolidated (NC). A demonstrative example is shown by integrating the dilatancy relation into a bounding surface model. With only three extra parameters in addition to those in the MCC model, the new model and the proposed dilatancy relation provide good predictions on the behavior of OC clay compared with experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number06016035
JournalInternational Journal of Geomechanics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Bounding surface
  • Clay
  • Constitutive model
  • Dilatancy
  • Overconsolidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science


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