Digital twin-enabled real-time synchronization for planning, scheduling, and execution in precast on-site assembly

Yishuo Jiang, Ming Li, Mingxing Li, Xinlai Liu, Ray Y. Zhong, Wei Pan, George Q. Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Planning, scheduling, and execution (PSE) are essential for coordinating tasks during on-site assembly in prefabricated construction. Real-time synchronization supports collaborative decision making for planning and scheduling, and dynamic adjustment of execution in on-site assembly. However, simple and resilient mechanisms are lacking for on-site task allocation and performance in urban areas with limited buffers, and real-time information hasn't been fully used for automatic generation and adjustment of PSE. This paper proposes a digital twin-enabled real-time synchronization system (DT-SYNC), which aims to facilitate PSE using real-time resource status and construction progress information obtained from high-fidelity digital twins. Inspired by functional tickets in graduation ceremony, a real-time synchronization model with cyber-physical visibility and traceability is designed to organize and coordinate operations and resources with enhanced simplicity and resilience, which guarantees that appropriate resources are spatiotemporally allocated to appropriate activities. A numerical experiment and related robotic testbed demonstration are conducted for proof of concept.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104397
JournalAutomation in Construction
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Digital twin
  • On-site assembly
  • Planning, scheduling, and execution (PSE)
  • Prefabricated construction
  • Synchronization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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