Diffusion-controlled H2 sensors composed of Pd-coated highly porous WO3 nanocluster films

Meng Zhao, J. X. Huang, Chung Wo Ong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


The resistive H2sensing properties of palladium-coated highly porous tungsten oxide nanocluster films (Pd/WO3), with the WO3layers having different thicknesses (11.2-153 nm) and electrodes at different positions, were investigated at 80 C. The results were interpreted by using a model involving various mechanisms including surface catalytic dissociation of the H2and O2molecules, spillover and diffusion of the split species on the surface and inside the WO3layer respectively, and the interaction between the species. The validity of the model was further examined by investigating the influences of the WO3thickness and the electrode position on the H2sensing properties. The results of data analysis confirm the important role of the diffusion of the split species in the WO3layer. The optimum sensor is characterized by having an ultrathin WO3nanocluster film with a thickness ≈11 nm, which exhibits a strong sensor response; short response time and recovery time, and stable resistant output during the hydrogenation process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-718
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Hydrogen sensor
  • Nanocluster
  • Porous
  • Tungsten oxide film
  • Ultrathin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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