Differences between chinese adolescent immigrants and adolescent non-immigrants in hong kong: Perceived psychosocial attributes, school environment and characteristics of hong kong adolescents

Hechao Jiang, Daniel T.L. Shek, Moon Y.M. Law

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Although the impact of immigration on adolescent developmental outcomes has received extensive scholarly attention, the impact of internal migration, particularly in the Chinese context, on adolescents’ psychosocial development has not been scientifically investigated. This study ex-amined whether mainland Chinese adolescent immigrants (N = 590) and adolescent non-immi-grants (n = 1798) differed on: (a) psychosocial attributes indexed by character traits, well-being, social behavior, and views on child development, (b) perceived school environment, and (c) perceptions of characteristics of Hong Kong adolescents. Consistent with the healthy migration hypothe-sis, Hong Kong adolescents and mainland Chinese adolescent immigrants did not differ on most of the outcomes; Chinese adolescent immigrants showed higher perceived moral character, empathy, and social trust than did Hong Kong adolescent non-immigrants. Chinese adolescent immigrants also showed more favorable perceptions of the school environment and moral character, social trust and social responsibility of adolescents in Hong Kong. This pioneer Chinese study provides support for the healthy immigration hypothesis (immigration paradox hypothesis) but not the immigration morbidity hypothesis within the specific sociocultural context of Hong Kong in China.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3739
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


  • Adolescent immigrants
  • Adolescent non-immigrants
  • Hong Kong adolescents
  • Perceived school environment
  • Psychosocial attributes
  • Social perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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