Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of (Bi1-x-yNdxNa1-y)0.5BayTiO3lead-free ceramics

Dunmin Lin, Kin Wing Kwok

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


New lead-free (Bi1-x-yNdxNa1-y)0.5BayTiO3ceramics were prepared by a conventional ceramic technique and their dielectric and piezoelectric properties were studied. X-ray diffraction studies reveal that Nd3+and Ba2+diffuse into the Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3lattices to form a new solid solution with a pure perovskite structure, and a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) of rhombohedral and tetragonal phases is formed at 0.04 < y < 0.10. The partial substitutions of Nd3+and Ba2+decrease effectively the coercive field Ecand increase significantly the remanent polarization Pr. Because of lower Ec, larger Prand the formation of the MPB, the piezoelectric properties of the ceramics are significantly enhanced at x/y = 0.02/0.06: d33= 150 pC/N and kp= 30.5%. The ceramics exhibit relaxor characteristic, which is probably resulted from the cation disordering in the 12-fold coordination sites. The depolarization temperature Tdshows a strong compositional dependence and reaches a minimum value at the MPB. The temperature dependences of the ferroelectric and dielectric properties suggest that the ceramics may contain both the polar and non-polar regions near the depolarization temperature Td, which cause the polarization hysteresis loop become deformed near/above Td.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-427
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2010


  • Bi Na TiO 0.5 0.5 3
  • Dielectric
  • Lead-free
  • Piezoelectric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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