Dextran Sulfate Sodium Salt (DSS) induced enteritis in Orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides

Dapeng Yu, Guanjian Yang, Hongli Xia, Zhen Gan, Zhiwen Wang, Liqun Xia, Kevin WH Kwok, Jia Cai, Yishan Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The enteritis is a common disease in fish farming, but the pathogenesis is still not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the inducement of Dextran Sulfate Sodium Salt (DSS) intestinal inflammation on Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). The fish were challenged with 200 μl 3% DSS via oral irrigation and feeding, an appropriate dose based on the disease activity index of inflammation. The results indicated that the inflammatory responses induced by DSS were closely associated with the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-8, IL16, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), as well as NF-κB and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. At day5 after DSS treatment, the highest levels of all parameters were observed. Also, the severe intestinal lesions (intestinal villus fusion and shedding), strong inflammatory cell infiltration and microvillus effacement were seen through histological examination and SEM (scanning electronic microscopy) analysis. During the subsequent 18 days of the experimental period, the injured intestinal villi were gradually recovery. These data is beneficial to further investigate the pathogenesis of enteritis in farmed fish, which is helpful for the control of enteritis in aquaculture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108742
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • DSS
  • Enteritis
  • Epinephelus coioides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)


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