Development of superelastic SMA angles as seismic-resistant self-centering devices

Bin Wang, Songye Zhu, Kaixin Chen, Jiahao Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Given their inherent unique superelasticity, the use of shape memory alloys (SMAs) to build seismic-resistant self-centering devices has presented attractive prospects in the field of earthquake resilience. This work investigates the mechanical behavior of superelastic SMA angles subjected cyclic loading. The deformation mechanism in superelastic SMA angles is elaborated first. Subsequently, experimental investigations of SMA angles are conducted using different loading protocols. Various mechanical properties, such as strength, self-centering and energy dissipation capabilities, are evaluated under varying loading amplitudes. Testing results show SMA angles can exhibit satisfactory flag-shaped hysteresis loops under multiple loading cycles. Different measures, such as the training process or the inclusion of reversed compressive cycles, can stabilize the hysteresis loops effectively and minimize the strength degradation and residual deformation in the repeated cycles. The cyclic behavior of the SMA angles is also simulated by using the finite element method to complement the observation and understanding obtained from the experiments. The proposed SMA angles are expected to offer an effective self-centering function to engineering structures toward earthquake resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110836
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • Bolted angle
  • Earthquake resilience
  • Flag-shaped hysteresis loop
  • Self-centering
  • Shape memory alloy (SMA)
  • Superelastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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