Development of port service network in OBOR via capacity sharing: an idea from Zhejiang province in China

Xiao Ruan, Xuehao Feng, Kelvin Ka Liong Pang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The ‘Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road’ (One Belt One Road, OBOR) strategy initiated by the Chinese government has a significant impact on the business and logistics modes which involves Asia, Europe, Africa, and their adjacent seas. Many countries and ports are developing new strategies that are suitable for this economic environment. Compared with many ports in the world, the ports in Zhejiang province of China have a novel property. In addition to Ningbo-Zhoushan port, there are several other sea ports and river ports in that province. In this paper, we propose a concept of port service network that consists of a huge hub and multiple ports. Ports of small and medium sizes can share their capacities of different types of port service with the hub when the service capacities are integrated into the network. We develop a mixed integer nonlinear programming model to determine the optimal decisions in such a network with constraints on the budget to conduct integration. An optimization algorithm incorporated with a genetic algorithm is developed to solve large size problems. We provide managerial insights on the policies of government, including expanding port capacity, reducing fixed integration cost, and providing better financial condition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-124
Number of pages20
JournalMaritime Policy and Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2018


  • capacity sharing
  • genetic algorithm
  • government policy
  • optimization methods
  • Port service network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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