Development of extended Drucker–Prager model for non-uniform FRP-confined concrete based on triaxial tests

Mohsen Mohammadi, Jian Guo Dai, Yu Fei Wu, Yu Lei Bai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Extended linear Drucker–Prager (DP) model has been a proper choice to capture the stress-strain of cylindrical concrete columns confined by fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs). However, most existing DP models calibrated by uniform active/passive tests are unsuitable for concrete under non-uniform passive confinement. This paper aims to calibrate the key parameters i.e., friction angle, plastic dilation angle and hardening needed for the DP model based on tri-axial test results on concrete cube subjected to non-uniform confinement. The effect of friction angle parameter is isolated from the hardening parameter within the yield function while the friction angle is defined as a function of concrete grade and hardening as a function of lateral confinement stiffness ratio. Here, the plastic lateral strains of non-uniform confined concrete, which could be obtained in cyclic tests but were usually left aside, are used to define a function for plastic dilation angle which works compatibly with the yield parameters. The resultant extended DP model could capture the stress-strain behaviour of concrete under both uniform or non-uniform passive pressure as well as the variable flow rules and different load paths occurring across the section of FRP-confined non-circular concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2019


  • Calibration procedure
  • Concrete
  • FRP
  • Load-path dependence
  • Non-uniform confinement
  • Stress-strain relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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