Development of evaluation indexes for assessing the regional operating performances of air source heat pump (ASHP) units operated in different climate regions based on the equivalent temperature drop method

Yong Wu, Wei Wang, Yuying Sun, Yiming Cui, Yao Lin, Shiming Deng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the actual operation of an ASHP unit installed in different climate regions, ambient operating conditions can vary constantly over an entire heating season, thus the actual output heating capacity of ASHP units may vary significantly from region to region. To enable a convenient evaluation of output heating capacity of a space heating ASHP unit installed in different climate regions, regional performance evaluation indexes including Ta¯, HERR(Ta’), βTa and βRH based on ETD method have been developed. These evaluation indexes are generalized and can be used to evaluate the regional performance of ASHP units operated in any regions. It can also be used to specify the key factors affecting the operating performances of ASHP units in different regions. With the developed evaluation indexes, the regional operating performances of ASHP units installed in 278 Chinese cities were evaluated. The results demonstrated that the total output heating energy for ASHP units operated in Southern Chinese provinces may be lower than those in Northern China. In Shanghai, Ta¯ at −6.0 °C is lower than that at −3.0 °C in Beijing, suggesting the total output heating energy from an ASHP units operated in Shanghai over an entire heating season would be lower than that in Beijing. Furthermore, in southern Xinjiang and northern Fujian Provinces, the total output heating energy from ASHP units may be higher than those operated at the nominal condition. In addition, in Tibet, Beijing, Liaoning, etc., the total output heating energy from the ASHP units would be affected more by Ta, thus ASHPs’ manufacturers are recommended to develop ASHP units suitable for operation in low temperature ambient. In most regions in southern China, RH would affect more on the total output heating energy from the ASHP units, thus ASHPs’ manufacturers are recommended to develop ASHP units having frosting suppression provisions and accurate defrosting measures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111111
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume247
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • ASHP
  • Evaluation indexes
  • Heating Energy Reduction Rate
  • Regional climate
  • Regional operating performances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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